By Jiahua Pan, Houkai Wei
This ebook makes a speciality of China’s city improvement. In China, the method of permitting extra rural migrants to develop into registered urban citizens in city components continues to be stagnant regardless of its significance to the chinese language govt and the lifestyles of a countrywide consensus approximately it. towns can compulsorily buy land from farmers at low or perhaps no expenditures, and such a lot farmers, whose households have depended on the land to make a residing for generations, don't take advantage of raises in land price. Breaking down the confirmed distributive process of rights and privileges calls for laws and legislations enforcement. To this finish, we have to holiday throughout the present trend of pursuits and appreciate the "citizenization-relevant" rights of rural migrant workers.
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Additional resources for Annual Report on Urban Development of China 2013
Today, rural 34 J. Pan migrant workers who are permanent urban residents should all be covered by Category 1 whether they have steady jobs or not. Category 2 consists of basic social security including basic medical, pension, maternity, workplace injury and unemployment insurances, minimum living allowances for urban residents, affordable housing, general social assistance, and social welfare. The Chinese government may phase in the coverage of rural migrant workers, especially those with steady jobs, by Category 2, before gradually covering the entire permanent urban population.
All these reflect the lower professional skills of migrant workers. Obstacles and Challenges Today, the citizenization of rural migrant workers is faced with six obstacles: costs, institutions, capability, culture, social exclusion and urban capacity. Costs The costs of the citizenization of rural migrant workers mainly refer to financial inputs needed for such migrants to settle down in towns or cities and receive corresponding benefits and equal public services. Sources of such inputs are generally 18 J.
Among them, public costs are primarily added fiscal expenditures needed for the government to provide rural migrant workers with public services, social security and new or expanded infrastructures. Individual costs mainly refer to living and development costs that rural migrant workers and their families need to pay so as to settle down in towns or cities. Businesses must obey China’s Labor Contract Law and provide employees with necessary working conditions, workplace protection, fringe benefits/pay and social insurance.
Annual Report on Urban Development of China 2013 by Jiahua Pan, Houkai Wei
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