By Jonathan Barnes

ISBN-10: 0192854089

ISBN-13: 9780192854087

The impact of Aristotle, the prince of philosophers, at the highbrow historical past of the West is moment to none. during this publication, Jonathan Barnes examines Aristotle's clinical researches, his discoveries in common sense and his metaphysical theories, his paintings in psychology and in ethics and politics, and his principles approximately artwork and poetry, putting his teachings of their historic context.

Reviews:

"A brief, candy, and selective observation and research of Aristotle's works and concepts. a good adjunct to the interpreting of the translated texts. A hugely instructed relief to the coed assembly Aristotle ab initio. Boy, what a book!"--Steven C. Fleishman, college of Maryland

"No different paintings on Aristotle accomplishes a lot in such short compass; its author's take care of and data of Aristotle's achievements are glaring on each page."--Tom Cunningham, Grand Valley country College

"One of the best serious introductions to Aristotle ever written. transparent, concise, and intelligible."--Religious reports Review

"As an creation to Aristotle, i locate Barnes' booklet ideal....his publication provides the fundamentals in an comprehensible demeanour for beginners."--Rose Maries Surwilo, collage of St. Francis

"There is anything right here for everybody with a nostril for philosophy and its history...Barnes has supplied an outline which does justice to the grandeur and breadth of its subject."--Sarah Waterlow, occasions Literary complement

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Extra info for Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)

Example text

In addition, Aristotle had written sources at his disposal. The Greek doctors had made some study of human anatomy, and Aristotle uses their writings in his treatment of the parts of men – his detailed account of the vascular system includes long quotations from three of his predecessors. In general, Aristotle’s researches included a comprehensive programme of reading: ‘he worked so hard . . that his house was called the House of the Reader’. And he had a large library: ‘he is the first man we know to have collected books, and his example taught the Kings of Egypt how to put together a library’.

According to that theory, the ultimate somehow dependent – are abstract universals. It is not individual men and individual horses – Tom, Dick, and Harry; Surrey, Barbary, and Bucephalus – but the abstract forms of Man or manhood and of Horse or horseness which constitute the basic furniture of the real world. The theory is not easy to understand, let alone to accept. Aristotle did not accept it (and, some have thought, did not understand it); but it gnawed at him throughout his philosophical career, and it directed his own numerous (and often baffling) efforts to develop an alternative ontology.

All sentences are meaningful . . ’ As a logician, Aristotle is interested only in sentences that are true and false (commands, questions, exhortations, and the like are the concern of the student of rhetoric or linguistics). He holds that every such sentence is either simple or else compounded from simple sentences; and he explains that simple sentences are those which affirm or deny something of something – some one thing of some one thing, as he later insists. In the Prior Analytics Aristotle uses the word ‘proposition’ for simple sentences and the word ‘term’ for their salient parts.

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